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Sabtu, 26 November 2011


I invite you to get to know my beloved hometown, the city of Bukittinggi.

Bukittinggi is located in West Sumatra. Bukittinggi is surrounded by three mountains namely Mount Merapi, mount Singalang and mount Sago. It's very beautiful, every trip in West Sumatra, will never loose view of the mountains and the hills are very beautifully green. West Sumatra capital of Padang Bukittinggi way to take approximately 2.5 hours and through the Anai Valley Waterfall with beautiful scenery that can be seen directly from the streets of Padang, Bukittinggi.

Besides the town of Bukittinggi is a brother / twin with the town of Seremban Negeri Sembilan Malaysia.

Bukittinggi is the hometown of Bung Hatta and famous with the Clock Tower.

History of bukittinggi

Bukittinggi is one city in the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Bukittinggi city began standing in line with the arrival of the Dutch who later established fortifications in 1825. During the War Padri in one of the hills contained within this city, known as Fort de Kock, as well as a resting place officers in the Dutch colonies. Later in the reign of the Dutch East Indies, the area is always enhanced role in the constitution which later developed into a Stadsgemeente (city), and also serves as the capital Afdeeling Padangsche Bovenlanden and Onderafdeeling Oud Agam.

During  Japanese occupation of Indonesia, serve as the center of Bukittinggi military government control for the Sumatra region, even up to Singapore and Thailand, where the city became the seat of the military commander to 25 Kenpeitai, under the command of Major General Hirano Toyoji. Then the city was renamed from Fort de Kock became Stadsgemeente Bukittinggi Yaku The SHO of the area was broadened to include the surrounding villages-villages like Sianok Anam Tribe, Gadut, Kapau, Ampang Tower, Taba and Bukit Batu Batabuah. Now Nagari-Nagari is entered into the Agam regency.

After the independence of Indonesia, Bukittinggi was chosen as the capital of West Sumatra province, with its governor Mr.Teuku Muhammad Hasan. Then Bukittinggi is also defined as the area municipalities based on the Decree of the Governor of the Province of Sumatra No. 391 dated June 9, 1947.

In the month of June 1948 to December 1949, the town of Bukittinggi been designated as the capital of the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI) after Yogyakarta fell into Dutch hands. Furthermore, once the capital city of Bukittinggi Sumatra province, and the capital of Central Sumatra (West Sumatra, Jambi and Riau).

Geografis of bukittinggi

Bukit Barisan

Bukittinggi is located on the Bukit Barisan range that ran along the island of Sumatra, With a population of over 91,000 people and an area of 25.24 km² 82.8% have been devoted to cultivation of land, while the rest is protected forest.
It is situated in the minangkabau  highlands, 90 km by road from the West Sumatran capital city of padang. It is located at 00 18’ 20” S 1000 22’9” E / 0.305560 S 100.369170 E, near the volcanoes mount singgalang  (inactive) and mount merapi (still active). At 930 m above sea level, the city has a cool climate with temperatures between 16.1°-24.9°C and at an altitude of 909-941 meters above sea level.

The development of the urban population can not be separated from the change in Bukittinggi Bukittingi a trade center in the Minangkabau highlands, starting with the market dibangunya by the Dutch East Indies government in 1890 under the name loods, local people spell it with loih, with a curved roof became known as the Loih Galuang.

Today, the city Bukittingi is the most populous city in the province of West Sumatra, with a workforce of 52,631 people and about 3845 of them are unemployed. The city is dominated by ethnic Minangkabau, but there are also ethnic Chinese, Javanese, Tamil and Batak.

Chinese community to come together with the emergence of markets in London, they allowed the Dutch East Indies government to build a shop / kiosk at the foot of the hill fortress of Fort de Kock west, stretching from south to north, now known as Kampung Cino. While the Indian traders placed in the foothills of the north, a circular from east to west and is now called Kampung Keling.


Since 1918 the town of Bukittinggi has gemeente status, then in 1930 the city area was expanded to 5.2 km ². During the Japanese occupation of the territory of this town again expanded. Then at the beginning of the independence of Indonesia overlapping territorial limits of this town because of a unilateral determination of both the Dutch East Indies and Japan.

Currently these municipal boundaries surrounded by Agam regency, and konfik between the two governments regarding border area is still continuing, added after the release of Government Regulation. 84 of 1999 concerning changes to border town of Bukittinggi and Agam regency, of Government Regulation (PP) is an area of ​​the town of Bukittinggi grew to 145.29,90 km ², with a few villages that were previously included on the Japanese occupation is within the administrative town of Bukittinggi.

But with the passing of the reform of government that provides a broad right of autonomy to kabupten and the city, came back from rejection Agam district community on the expansion and development of the town of Bukittinggi region. Agam district for the community into the area of ​​urban sprawl, the loss was due to return to the application of the model village governance is more promising, than in sub systems. In addition the assumption arises, people who have heterogeneous city would also tend to give effect to indigenous traditions and the wealth that had been owned by the village.


Bukittinggi City has had good health care, where a city with a relatively small area has had 5 hospital that is 3 pieces of government-owned and two private sector, supported by 5 pieces of health centers and six health centers and 15 health centers around helper. One of the main General Hospital Dr.Achmad Mochtar, a government-owned public hospital type B with the number of beds as much as 299.

Hospital Dr.Achmad Mochtar
National Stroke Hospital located in this city, a government-owned hospitals with service excellence for stroke with the number of beds as much as 124.

National Stroke Hospital

So is Islam Ibnu Sina Hospital, a private hospital that has a bed capacity of 136 pieces.

Ibnu Sina Hospital

Meanwhile, to increase the availability and quality of health personnel in order to improve public health services, until the year 2009 there were 8 health personnel education institutions in the city of Bukittinggi, two government-owned institutions (Poltikes) and 6 are managed by private parties.


Pasar Atas (Market Up)
Galuang Loih market developments now called Market Ateh, making the Dutch East Indies government then re-develop the market, by rebuilding a loods to the east in 1900, precisely at the waist area of ​​the hill adjacent to the ditch that flows at the foot of the hill, because market place is located in the slope of the local people call it by name Teleng Market (Italic) or Market Slope. The next development in the surrounding area appear again in the next several markets including the Lower Markets and Market Banto.

To reduce buildup on one area of ​​the town of Bukittinggi and then develop the urban area to the east by the Yellow Aur Market building, which currently is one of the wholesale trade center for goods convection in the town of Bukittinggi. While the traditional markets around the area such as the Clock Tower Ateh Market, Market and Market Bottom Slope, now evolved into a place selling handicrafts and souvenirs typical of Minangkabau.

Due to a small area, the trade sector is one option that is right for the town of Bukittinggi in increasing per capital income, and has become one of the main objectives in the field of trade on the island of Sumatra.

In addition Bukittinggi city government also spawned several programs in alleviating poverty among the training increased diversification in the form of training and skills upgrading training making kebaya embroidery, as well as new entrepreneurial growth.

Ateh market (market up) located adjacent to the Clock Tower which is the center of the city. In the market there are many sellers Ateh handicrafts and embroidery. Currently, he also has built several modern shopping centers in the city of Bukittingggi.
The Administration of Bukittinggi

Bukittinggi is divided in 3 subdistricts (kecamatan), which are further divided into 5 villages (nagari) and 24 kelurahan. The subdistricts are: Guguk Panjang, Mandiangin Koto Selayan, and Aur Birugo Tigo Baleh.

The Education in Bukittinggi

Kweekschool voor Inlandsche Onderwijzers
Since the Dutch colonial era, the city has become an educational center on the island of Sumatra, starting in 1872, with the establishment Kweekschool voor Inlandsche Onderwijzers (school teachers for teachers bumiputera) or also known as king of the school's name, which later evolved into volksschool or school people. Then in 1912 came Holandsch Inlandsche School (HIS), followed by the establishment of the School Guardian School voor Opleiding Inlandsch Ambtenaren (OSVIA) in 1918. In 1926 also has established MULO in the town of Bukittinggi.

In the early days of independence in this city once stood Policewomen school and cadets as well as Civil Service is the first school in Indonesia, even Andalas University was first established in the city of Bukittinggi.

Formal Education
Vocational Collages
Number of Units
Bukittinggi has known as kota pendidikan and kota pariwisata.

The Transportation in Bukittinggi

Bukittinggi is at a strategic position, connected with several other cities including the cities that are outside the province of West Sumatra, such as the City of Pekanbaru and Medan, and a town through which the Trans Central Sumatra. Terminal Aur Yellow is the main terminal for freight ground transportation in this city. As for transportation in the city, available means of transportation other than city microbus and a hansom cab (carriage horses).

Terminal Aur Kuning

Previously the city is traversed by the railway line from Payakumbuh toward the city of Padang, which was built around the early 20th century during the reign of the Dutch East Indies, but after independence the means of transportation is no longer active.

The city also has a non-class air transport facilities are named Airport Bukittinggi.


Bukittinggi is connected to padang by road, though a dysfunctional railway line also exists. For inner-city transport, Bukittinggi employs a public transportation system known as Mersi (Merapi Singgalang) and IKABE that connect locations within the city.


The city also still preserves the traditional horse-cart widely known in the area as bendi, although the use is limited and more popular to be used as vehicle for tourist, both domestic and foreign.


Bukik Ambacang
Community town of Bukittinggi is very fond of sport riding, and every year the city held a contest in Bukit Ambacang horse racing, which has been held since 1889, the race horse racing is a series of runway horse race held in several other areas in West Sumatra, in the presence of this pelombaan also encouraged to keep the persistence of the breeders of horses, other than as a traditional source of livelihood as well as society. Also during the Indonesian revolution, the area is also a runway or airfield for small aircraft types.

PERS and Media
During the Japanese occupation, the city's largest ever established a radio transmitter to the island of Sumatra at the time, in order to raise the spirit of the people to support the interests of the Greater East Asia War the Japanese version. In this city there are several radio stations as a means of information and entertainment in between RRI Bukittinggi, Elsie FM, SK FM, GRC FM, Jam Gadang FM, and television stations are BITV and Triarga TV.

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